Blue Baby Syndrome: 8 Factors You Need to Know!


Blue Baby Syndrome (BBS) also known as infant methemoglobinemia is a condition that occurs in infants, while their skin begins to turn purple or purple. cyanosis due to a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood.

Blue baby syndrome, may be a rare problem, but it is important for parents to monitor their children closely, and if they notice any unusual changes, they should see their doctor. There are many signs of cyanosis and these are; persistent crying, eating disorders, irritability, excessive saliva, weight loss, rapid breathing, fever / group pain / headache, heart palpitations, slow growth, rapid heartbeat, seizures and diarrhea.

baby blue syndrome
A mother holds her baby while the nurse slaps her baby. Image:

There are many causes of Blue Baby Syndrome and they include; Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), Congenital Down Syndrome, Maternal Type 2 Diabetes, Transposition of Great Arteries (TGA), Methemoglobinemia due to nitrate toxicity.

Here are 8 sure facts about Blue Baby Syndrome that you need to know;

1) Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the leading cause of blue baby syndrome

Although, there are several causes for cyanosis, however, fallot tetralogy is the main cause. This contains four cardiovascular defects that can cause anemia in the lungs and allow oxygenated blood to enter the body.

2) Blue Baby Syndrome can be diagnosed based on careful medical history and baby screening

Tests need to be done to determine if the baby is infected or not, and to determine the cause of the infection. The list of tests performed by a doctor to determine this is; Blood test, Electrocardiogram, oxygen saturation, chest X-ray, Cardiac catheterization, Echocardiogram. Each test has its own set of goals.

3) The disease can be reversed by taking methylene blue

Methylene blue is a drug that can be prescribed for reverse blue baby syndrome. It supplies oxygen to the blood, and it is given through a needle inserted into a vein. However, it is important to get your doctor’s advice before using this medication.

4) The treatment for Blue Baby Syndrome was developed in the 1940s

Vivien Theodore Thomas is an assistant in first aid for blue baby syndrome surgery. He found a way to deal with the problem in the 1940’s.

5) This condition can be avoided

Yes! Blue baby syndrome can be prevented by making sure your baby drinks clean water regularly and by avoiding the use of fluid in the preparation of formulas; reducing their intake of nitrate-rich foods; Avoid medications such as Sulfonamides and Phenacetin. For women, it is important to avoid alcohol, drugs and other contraceptives.

6) Infants under 3 months of age are at higher risk of developing this condition

Babies under 3 months of age or younger are at greater risk of developing blue baby syndrome. However, pregnant women, who have gastrointestinal ulcers / dialysis / gastritis and genetics are at risk.

7) It can be helped

It is a disease that can be cured. Treatment for blue baby syndrome depends on the cause. For example, if it is caused by a congenital heart defect, surgery is imminent. Methylene blue can also be taken to treat it, according to the doctor’s instructions. If the problem is caused by drinking too much nitrate water, it is best to avoid this. You can also consult a toxicologist to determine the most appropriate treatment option. Similarly, you should consult your doctor for medical attention and closely monitor your child to avoid complications.

8) The first operation on a blue baby was performed in 1944

The first operation in the history of a child with blue baby syndrome was performed in 1944 at Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Babies diagnosed with Blue Baby Syndrome can lead a normal, healthy life, so parents should not blame themselves for this. Talk to your doctor right away as soon as you notice symptoms in your child and it can be treated! Yes, you did!

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